Human Trafficking Indicators
For law enforcement
Recognize a victim
Signs of injury, fatigue, undernourishment; unkempt or provocative clothing
Acts intimidated or frightened of person they are with or driver in car
Lack of eye contact or eye contact with law enforcement
Unable to provide explanations or simple answers; unsure of current location
Does not have personal identification in possession
Refers to driver as “boyfriend,” “girlfriend,” or other relation, with little detailed information about them
Tattoos or branding indicating possession
Living on the premises/inside the business or transported to work by employer or business
Unable to state their wages when asked; lack of paychecks or evidence of payments to employees
Does not speak English and/or appears unaware of surroundings
Employer abusive to employees (verbal or physical)
Surveillance cameras located in uncommon places of the business
A minor performing a commercial sex act is ALWAYS a victim of human trafficking.
Secure evidence appropriately (phones, photos, IDs, money, drugs, etc.).
Separate all persons to avoid coached answers.
Ask detailed questions and look for conflicting information.
Ask for origins of tattoos and/or injuries.
Collect all phone numbers.
Detail all information from incident in field interview report to corroborate future investigations.
Contact federal and local law enforcement to report incident, especially if an arrest is made.
Recognize potential victims may resist or appear uncooperative because of fear or trauma.
The victim's safety is the #1 priority. Get victim to a safe location away from perpetrator and other suspects.
Your Department's Victim Services (if available)
Human Trafficking | UnBound Hotline: 254-230-0872
Prostitution | Jesus Said Love: 254-307-1575
Minor Sex Trafficking | Common Thread Hotline: 1-888-8THREAD
Confidential, 24/7, Multilingual | National Human Trafficking Hotline: 1-888-373-7888
Sexual Assault | The Advocacy Center Hotline: 888-867-7233
Emergency Shelter | Family Abuse Center: 254-772-8999